Palgrave is a suburban community in the Town of Caledon. It is about 10 km north of Bolton and about 50 km northwest of Toronto. In 1869, postal authorities renamed the small village north of Bolton, Palgrave (from the original Buckstown after Brian Dolan, nicknamed Barney or Buck). He managed the Western Hotel after it was built in 1846.
In 1877 Hamilton & North-Western Railway was constructed through the centre of Palgrave, from the southwest to the northeast. This railway was taken over by the Grand Trunk Railway in 1888, and later absorbed by Canadian National Railways. Much of the track throughout this region was damaged by flooding in 1954 as a result of Hurricane Hazel and had to be rebuilt. Palgrave was a flag station on the CNR. Although there was a station with a passenger waiting room, the Agent at this location was removed in 1931. Scheduled passenger service ended in July 1960 and the station was removed shortly thereafter. The rails over this section were removed in 1986.
Small housing developments were built around Palgrave in the 1950s, followed by estate home development and subdivisions beginning in the late 1960s.
Palgrave is situated on the Oak Ridges Moraine, a 160 km long ridge of hilly terrain created by retreating glaciers depositing large quantities of sand and gravel sediments. The moraine is a primary source for many river systems in this part of southern Ontario. The nearby Palgrave Moraine intersects the Oak Ridges Moraine, and ultimately merges with it to the east, at the western boundary of King Township. Mount Wolfe, one of the highest hills in the area, is located east of the town.
Palgrave is home to the Caledon Equestrian Park, which played host to the equestrian portion of the 2015 Pan American Games.
Just south of the village is Albion Hills Conservation Area, this 1,200 acre site boasts 27 km of groomed cross-country skiing trails and some of the best mountain biking trails in the Province, it also offers swimming, hiking, fishing, camping or RVing.
The Palgrave Forest and Wildlife Area lies on the northwest periphery of the town and offers trails for hiking and cross-country skiing. EfstonScience, an astronomy and science retail store in Toronto, Ontario holds evening observing sessions at this Conservation Area.
Public Elementary Institutions:
- Palgrave Public School
Public Secondary Institutions:
- Humberview Secondary School (Bolton)
Catholic Elementary Institutions:
- Holy Family Elementary School (Bolton)
- St. John Paul II Elementary School (Bolton)
- St. John the Baptist Elementary School (Bolton)
- St. Nicholas Elementary School (Bolton)
Catholic Secondary Institutions:
- St. Michael Catholic Secondary School (Bolton)
- Bolton Montessori School
- King’s College School (Just outside Bolton located in Caledon)
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